Ferret Basics

Adult size: 38cm (not inc. tail)
Enclosure type: Large, roomy multi-level cage
Diet: Obligate carnivore

Essential care requirements

While ferrets are incredibly curious, playful and active, they do sleep for a large portion of the day. Making sure they have an adequate enclosure is very important. A multi-level cage is recommended, with plenty of room to move around, hide, sleep and go to the toilet. Ferrets are litter trainable, so having multiple corner litter trays is ideal!
The enclosure should be decked out with toys and enrichment items for them to play with. Ferrets love exploring and burrowing, so pieces of material (e.g. fleece) and tunnels are great. Even filling a cardboard box with shredded paper will provide entertainment and wear their nails down naturally. Things with loose fibres and small parts should
be avoided, as ferrets can easily ingest and choke on these things. While it’s good to let ferrets out of their cage often, they should not have free-run of the house unsupervised. There are many potential hazards around a house for a ferret to injure themselves with, so they are best supervised in a particular room of the house. If you do want them to have free run of the whole house, you must be diligent in ensuring that the entire house is ferret-proofed! Your ferret should also be kept in an area of the house that is a suitable temperature. Extreme cold and extreme heat can be deadly
for ferrets. As with any other pet, ferrets have their own unique personalities and requirements, so it is important to do a lot of research before owning your first one!

Ferret grooming

As mentioned in our Pedicures for Pets article on page 4, nail trimming is important for your ferret. If nails get too long, they can be painful for walking and cause injuries. If your ferret is not naturally wearing down their nails by digging and walking outside of the cage, its nails will need to be manually trimmed. Ferrets are naturally clean and don’t require baths. Bathing a ferret can strip the fur and skin of their natural oils, making your ferret smellier and the skin dryer, which can lead to more problems. If you do need to bathe your ferret, be carefully of the eyes and ears. Like humans, ferrets are very sensitive in those areas

Shopping List

  • Large multi-level cage
  • Vetafarm Ferret Origins
  • Ceramic food and water dishes
  • Small pet nail clippers
  • Suspended water bottles
  • Tubes or pipes to hide in
  • Ferret-safe toys
  • Substrate to dig through
  • Vetafarm Hutch Clean
  • Litter Trays
  • Enrichment item


Ferrets are obligate carnivores, meaning they require meat protein to survive. Avoid anything with carbohydrate or grains. Vetafarm’s Ferret Origins is a completely balanced extruded pellet diet, which covers all of your ferret’s nutritional needs. Fresh meat can be fed twice weekly as a treat. Vetafarm’s Ferret Origins is a complete diet, meaning no additional supplements need to be added. It is made in Australia from fresh liver, lamb and chicken, and extrusion-cooked for optimum safety and digestibility. It is 100% grain-free! Ferret Origins is available in a range of sizes


Ferrets can be messy! We recommend using Vetafarm’s Hutch Clean to disinfect the hutch, toys and bowls/bottles. This is a mild yet effective hospital-grade disinfectant to keep your ferret clean, happy and healthy.

These are the basic things to consider when thinking about getting your first ferret. Do your research, and ensure you have everything you need before you get your furry little friend.